It is the responsibility of the Independent National Electoral Commission (INEC) to oversee elections in Nigeria. The inception of INEC may be traced back to the 1960s, when the country gained its independence from the United Kingdom.
In the early years of independence, elections in Nigeria were overseen by the Federal Electoral Commission (FEDECO), which was established in 1960. FEDECO was shut down in 1979 after being criticised for lacking impartiality and independence.
For these reasons, the military administration of General Muhammadu Buhari established the National Electoral Commission (NEC) in 1984. The NEC was established to be a non-partisan, impartial organisation responsible for organising and guaranteeing the integrity of elections.
NEC went the way of FEDECO in that it was heavily criticised and eventually dismantled in 1992. Elections in Nigeria were overseen by the National Electoral Commission of Nigeria (NECON) from 1983 to 1999, when the commission was disbanded by the military government of General Ibrahim Babangida.
In 1999, when democracy was revived in Nigeria, the country’s National Electoral Commission (NEC) was re-established. As late as the year 2006, the NEC was the entity responsible for overseeing the conduct of elections. The Independent National Electoral Commission (INEC) replaced it after it was dissolved in 2006.
The Independent National Electoral Commission (INEC) was created by the Independent National Electoral Commission Act of 2006 and is responsible for all elections in Nigeria. The Independent National Electoral Commission (INEC) is a trustworthy and impartial organisation. It is in charge of coordinating and managing the whole election procedure, from registering new voters to educating them on their rights at the polls to tallying the results.